Die EU spannt einen Rettungsschirm über rund 500 Mrd. Euro für finanzschwache Euro-Staaten auf. Dazu kommen bis zu 250 Mrd. Euro vom Internationalen Währungsfonds (IWF). Die Entscheidungen der Finanzminister wurden wie gleich folgend bekannt gemacht. Anschließend eine Presseschau:
COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNIO
ECONOMIC and FINANCIAL AFFAIRS Council
Brussels, 9/10 May 2010
The Council adopted the following conclusions:
“The Council and the Member States have decided today on a comprehensive package of measures
to preserve financial stability in Europe, including a European Financial Stabilisation mechanism
with a total volume of up to € 500 billion.
In the wake of the crisis in Greece, the situation in financial markets is fragile and there was a risk
of contagion which we needed to address. We have therefore taken the final steps of the support
package for Greece, the establishment of a European stabilisation mechanism and a strong
commitment to accelerated fiscal consolidation, where warranted.
First, following the successful conclusion of procedures in euro area Member States and the
meeting of euro area Heads of State or Government, the way has been cleared for the
implementation of the support package for Greece. The Commission has signed today, on behalf of
the euro area Member States, the loan agreement with Greece and the first disbursement will
proceed, as planned, before 19 May. The Council strongly supports the ambitious and realistic
consolidation and reform programme of the Greek government.
Second, the Council is strongly committed to ensure fiscal sustainability and enhanced economic
growth in all Member States and therefore agrees that plans for fiscal consolidation and structural
reforms will be accelerated, where warranted. We therefore welcome and strongly support the
commitment of Portugal and Spain to take significant additional consolidation measures in 2010
and 2011 and present them to the 18 May ECOFIN Council. The adequacy of such measures will be
assessed by the Commission in June in the context of the excessive deficit procedure. The Council
also welcomes the commitment to announce by the 18 May ECOFIN Council structural reform
measures aimed at enhancing growth performance and thus indirectly fiscal sustainability
Third, we have decided to establish a European stabilisation mechanism. The mechanism is based
on Art. 122.2 of the Treaty and an intergovernmental agreement of euro area Member States. Its
activation is subject to strong conditionality, in the context of a joint EU/IMF support, and will be
on terms and conditions similar to the IMF.
Art 122.2 of the Treaty foresees financial support for Member States in difficulties caused by
exceptional circumstances beyond Member States’ control. We are facing such exceptional
circumstance today and the mechanism will stay in place as long as needed to safeguard financial
stability. A volume of up to € 60 billion is foreseen and activation is subject to strong
conditionality, in the context of a joint EU/IMF support, and will be on terms and conditions similar
to the IMF. The mechanism will operate without prejudice to the existing facility providing medium
term financial assistance for non euro area Member States’ balance of payments.
In addition, euro area Member States stand ready to complement such resources through a Special
Purpose Vehicle that is guaranteed on a pro rata basis by participating Member States in a
coordinated manner and that will expire after three years, respecting their national constitutional
requirements, up to a volume of € 440 billion. The IMF will participate in financing arrangements
and is expected to provide at least half as much as the EU contribution through its usual facilities in
line with the recent European programmes.
At the same time, the EU will urgently start working on the necessary reforms to complement the
existing framework to ensure fiscal sustainability in the euro area, notably based on the
Commission Communication to be adopted on 12 May 2010. We underline the importance that we
attach to strengthening fiscal discipline and establishing a permanent crisis resolution framework.
We underlined the need to make rapid progress on financial market regulation and supervision, in
particular with regard to derivative markets and the role of rating agencies. Furthermore, we need to
continue to work on other initiatives, such as the stability fee, which aim at ensuring that the
financial sector shall in future bear its share of burden in case of a crisis, also exploring the
possibility of a global transaction tax. We also agreed to speed up work on crisis management and
We also reiterate the support of the euro area Member States to the ECB in its action to ensure the
stability to the euro area. ”